Working in Poland, Creating a job, Living, Salaries in Poland
In this article, which is a guide for those who want to study, work, relax or live in Poland, we tried to give detailed information about sectoral information, job opportunities, living conditions, clothing, transportation and food culture for those who want to work in Poland.
Information About Poland
Officially the People’s Republic of Poland; It is a Central European country governed by a parliamentary regime, with its capital in Warsaw. The official language of the country is Polish. Zloty is used as currency. Poland, which became a member of the European Union in 2004 and the Schengen Area in 2007; It is one of the rising and developing countries of Europe.
The origins of Poland date back to 963. World War II started with the occupation of Poland by the German Nazi army. In the following period, with the entry of the Russian Red Army into the territory of Poland, the Polish people fought for independence for many years. The country, which felt the effects of the war for a long time, made a great effort to recover its economy.
It is bordered by Germany in the west, Belarus in the east, Slovakia in the south, and the Baltic Sea in the north of Poland. The country, which has the appearance of a plain, is mostly built on flat lands. Looking at the climate, the country experiences hot and rainy summer months and cold winter months. 35% of the country consists of forests. Poland is the country with the largest coal reserves in Europe.
Poles belonging to the Slavic race constitute 98% of Poland’s population of 40 million. Majority of the minorities are German, Ukrainian, Belarusian and Tatar. In Poland, which is known as the most religious country in Europe, most of the people belong to the Catholic sect. Tatars, on the other hand, stand out as the only Muslim minority living in Poland for centuries, and are highly respected by the Polish people for their achievements in Poland throughout history.
From an economic point of view, Poland has become one of the rising stars of Europe by improving its economy, which was deteriorated by the Second World War, with aid and investments from other countries. Poland’s industry; It has developed in many fields such as steamboat construction, textile, chemistry, metal industry, automobile and forestry products.
The country, which has rich underground resources in terms of mining, is the 3rd largest coal producer in Europe today. Electricity generation with hydroelectric power plants established with the help of the Soviets has an important place in the country, which supplies 95% of its electrical energy from coal-based power plants. While the main agricultural products are barley, wheat, oats and potatoes, sugar beet and corn production stand out in the southern part. 30% of the population is engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishing. Most of the trade in the country is made with Russia. The per capita national income is over $7200.
Living Expenditures in Poland
House rents in Poland vary according to the city of residence, the old-newness of the building, and its proximity to the city center. The cheapest houses are in Lodz, and the most expensive ones are in Warsaw. Average house rents are 230 Euros for one-room houses, 340 Euros for two-room houses, and 420 Euros for three-room houses. Expenses such as electricity, water, natural gas are not included in the rent. These expenses amount to 140 Euros on average.
Nutrition expenditures in Poland are more suitable by half compared to countries such as England and France. It means paying an average of 3-5 Euros for one meal in a restaurant. The average amount that a person needs to pay monthly to meet his nutritional needs is 100 Euros. The amounts of basic foods are as follows:
|1 Loaf of Bread||0.40 €|
|1 KG White Rice||0.80 €|
|1 liter milk||0.45 €|
|1 KG Cheese||5 €|
|1 KG of Red Meat||7 €|
|10 Eggs||1.50 €|
|1 KG Potatoes||0.45 €|
|250 gr Pasta||0.40 €|
Transportation Amounts in Poland
Transport in Poland is also quite cheap. The means of transportation are buses, trams and taxis. One-way transportation locally is provided with a 0.80 Euro ticket. It will be more economical for those who will use the means of transportation continuously to purchase a monthly card for 20 Euros. For those who want to travel with their personal vehicles, 1 liter of fuel costs 1 Euro. Vehicle amounts are cheaper than in Turkey since there are no taxation like SCT.
Clothing Amounts in Poland
When it comes to clothing, there is not much difference with Turkey. Since there is no market culture in Poland, clothing shopping is done in stores, the amounts of well-known brands in Turkey in these stores are almost the same as in Turkey.
In the country where the minimum wage is 502 Euros, Warsaw, Krakow and Wroclaw stand out as the most expensive cities to live in, while the cheapest cities are Loz, Poznan and Gdansk. When all the expenses given above are added together, a person’s average monthly expense for these cities will be as follows:
Working in Poland, Job Opportunities and Conditions
To work in Poland , a labor visa must first be obtained. As it is not possible to work with a travel visa, it is a very difficult possibility to convert a travel visa into a working visa. As a rule, individuals with full-time undergraduate or higher education in Poland do not need a work permit. Besides, getting a work permit is not the same as getting a residence permit.
Diplomas obtained from Turkish universities are also valid in Poland. Priority is given to employing only those who have received education in Poland. In addition, it is possible to find a job in Poland before settling in Poland with the reference of your friend working in the company you want to apply for and job in the career sites.
Although knowing Polish and English provides a great advantage in finding a job, people who can only speak Turkish are recruited in the subcontracting, accounting and IT sectors.
Poland sets its labor laws in accordance with EU law.
Occupations that stand out for Turks who want to work in Poland can be listed as working in the food industry, information technology, international marketing, economics and invitation centers in international companies.
There are many food establishments opened by the Turks in the country. A Turkish doner who is looking for a job in Poland can open a place such as a Turkish restaurant or cafe or work in an existing business. In Poland, food stands out as the sector where Turks earn the most money.
Located in the middle of Europe, Poland is a country open to the international market. In accounting and information technology departments, there is a need for staff who can speak Turkish or English. Companies such as Philips, Fujitsu, Indesit are some of the companies that recruit Turkish-speaking personnel.
Salaries in Poland
The most important information for those who want to work in Poland is how much salary they will receive.
The minimum wage in Poland is 502 Euros as of 2018, and the average gross wage in the private sector is 995 Euros. Below are the lowest and highest salaries for people working in different sectors in Poland:
|Recipient services representative (Turkish)||820 €|
|real estate sector||700-12.000 €|
|construction industry||700-8000 €|
|financial sector||700-4500 €|
|IT sector||1000-2800 €|
|Banking and accounting sector (Turkish)||780-2600 €|
It should not be forgotten that salaries in the private sector vary according to the cities and living expenses increase with the salary. Warsaw, where the highest salaries are earned, is the most expensive city to live in, while Poznan, which is the lowest paid city, is the most suitable city to live in.
Advantages of Living in Poland
Poland, first of all, comes to the fore as it is quite cheap compared to other European countries. Rent, food and transportation expenses are affordable enough that every person with average income can live comfortably. This makes it especially preferable for new recruits and students. Besides, Poland is among the safest countries in Europe.
People who have a residence visa in Poland can travel to Schengen countries without a visa. The fact that Poland, located in Central Europe, is close to many European countries, is a great advantage for people who like to travel to other countries.
The country has many cultural and natural beauties. UNESCO has identified 13 world heritage sites in Poland as a result of a detailed research. Wieliczka Salt Mine, the oldest mine in the world, Auschwitz-Birkenau Camp, the concentration camp where 1.3 million people were imprisoned in World War II, Warsaw City Center with its time-reflecting architecture and Torun Medieval Tower, which has managed to stay intact since the 13th century, are definitely to be seen. Some of these legacies are said to be necessary.
Besides, Poland has a prosperous atmosphere with numerous national parks, lakes and greenery. The fact that the cities are intertwined with forest areas ensures that the people of Poland feel the stress of urban life in a minimum. Temperatures that change in 25 to 30 stages in summer allow summer tourism to be seen in the Baltic Sea and its long beaches.
There is no trace of racism in the country, which is encountered in many European countries. In addition to being very tolerant towards foreigners, Poles especially admire the hospitable nature of Turkish people. In addition, Poland is dominated by a social life in which everyone helps each other.
The country is also preferred in terms of entertainment life. Nightlife on Friday and Saturday is very active. Another point is that alcohol is extremely cheap and of high quality.
Clothing Culture in Poland
Poland is cold for most of the year and even in summers, there are periods when winter shows its effect. For this reason, winter clothing products come to the fore in Poland.
It is very important for a person who will live in Poland to take scarves, gloves, berets, underwear, coats and water-resistant boots with him or to acquire them as soon as he goes. In addition to this, importance is given to the heating of interior spaces in Poland; schools, cafes, bars and business districts are hot. For this reason, people wear thin clothes inside their coats or coats.
It should also be noted that in some venues in Poland, it is obligatory to wear a suit.
Food Culture in Poland
When it comes to food, although Polish cuisine is not a Turkish cuisine, it is a fact that many European countries cannot beat Poland’s hands. Since Poland is a country that has been under the influence of many cultures over the years, it has a very wealthy cuisine.
Poles often eat potatoes for every meal except breakfast, the most commonly used food items are cabbage and potatoes. Both red and white meat are very popular in the country. As the use of pork is common, there are also different types of meat for Turks who do not want to eat pork. In addition, Poles like spices very much, just like Turks.
zapiekanka, which is similar to pizza in Poland’s famous foods; Polish ravioli Pierogi; Bigos made from cabbage, game meat and sausage can be counted.
In addition, there are many Turkish restaurants in the country for those who cannot give up Turkish food.
You can send us all your questions and opinions about working or creating a business in Poland in the comments section below.
If you want to do business or work in countries other than Poland, you can also take a look at the following topics;